What is «Organized Land»?
«Organized Land» is the national real property registration and cadastre program of the Government of the Republic of Croatia, encompassing the overall activities implemented by the Ministry of Justice and State Geodetic Administration with the objective of streamlining and regulating the real property registration in the Republic of Croatia.
Apart from the regular activities and numerous bilateral projects, one of the more significant parts of the reform is the Real Property Registration and Cadastre Project initiated in 2003 and planned to last for 5 years (end of 2008). Given the importance of the reform and its excellent achievements, the Project was extended until 30 June 2010. The Project was initiated with the main objective of building an efficient land administration system aimed at contributing to the development of efficient real property markets. The Project is for the most part funded by a World Bank loan and the remaining part by the European Union grants and RoC State budget funds
Integrated Land Administration System Project
Today the land administration system reform is halfway i.e. preconditions have been created for the implementation of an efficient real property registration system. The Real Property Registration and Cadastre Joint Information System (JIS) has been developed or rather a unified database and application for keeping and maintaining the real property registration and cadastre data have been established. The World Bank has decided to continue offering support to this very important reform and has granted to the RoC an advance to support the preparation of the proposed project aimed at modernising the land administration system in order to improve the civil services in terms of efficiency, transparency and cost. The preparation for the new Project started on 2 August 2010 and was completed on 15 November 2011 when the new Project became effective. In August 2015, the Integrated Land Administration System Project was extended by 18 months, which extended the total Project duration to 5.5 years, until 30 April 2017.
What are the bodies in charge of the Project implementation?
The Project has been very successfully co-implemented since 2003 by thefollowing two State administration bodies in charge of registering the real property and related titles in Croatia:
- Ministry of Justice and municipal courts through 108 land registries,
- State Geodetic Administration responsible for, inter alia, the functioning of the cadastral system (20 regional cadastral offices and their 92 branch offices).
The Project Implementation Body and the Project support teams from both State administrative bodies are charged with the Project operational implementation.
What is the main objective of «Organized Land»?
The activities in question will contribute to the necessary development and modernization of the land registration system on one hand, and the cadastral system on the other hand. Along with the efficient functioning of both systems, the objective is to, by implementing the adequate technology and developing the business processes, create the Real Property Registration and Cadastre Joint Information System (JIS), or rather establish such a level of cooperation between the cadastre and land registries in which the systems will be interlinked and exchange the data related to the real properties. This will yield numerous benefits for the users such as the time needed to access the data and make a registration will be reduced and the citizens will be able to see at one place the ownership structure of a real property and its location in space as well as numerous other functionalities. This system is, therefore, one of the key instruments in the development of e-Croatia and the entrepreneurship as well as securing the public trust in respect of the registers.
What are the expected benefits of «Organized Land»?
The Project will:
- accelerate the real property registration in both the cadastral as well as the land registration system
- raise the level of legal security of the real property transactions
- streamline both systems and simplify business processes
- harmonize the data of both systems
- improve the customer relationships and the speed and quality of service provision
What is expected from the real property owners?
By implementing the «Organized Land» program, the State is trying to advance the system functioning as much as possible but its efficient functioning is impossible without an adequate involvement of the real property title holders in Croatia. Namely, the real property ownership entails both rights as well as obligations of the real property owners. The latter includes regular reporting and submission of the necessary documents about the changes related to the real property and related titles in the cadastral offices and land registries of municipal courts in Croatia.
The real property owners can protect their rights only if the court and the cadastre have up-to-date and accurate information in their registers while the citizens can access the cadastral and land registration data over the Internet and, as needed, undertake the actions in order to have the actual status recorded in the registers, thus establishing the legal security for the real property owners. The citizens can always obtain a more detailed information on the content and the manner of the procedures at cadastral offices and land registries of municipal courts.
The World Bank and other donors assess the achievements as highly satisfactory but also point to the activities that need to be accelerated such as processing the backlogs at land registries and accelerating the activities aimed at the JIS establishment.
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